ORTHODONTICS

The best smile in the world: the formation of a perfect dental bite with braces and retainers

Most patients do not pay attention to small dental defects: distortion of the teeth, small gaps between them or pressure on each other. However, those that seem minor defects often lead to a deterioration in the aesthetics of the smile, improper chewing of food and nasal breathing, as well as impaired diction.

There is a separate field in dentistry – dental orthodontics, the main task of which is to correct these problems of the dental apparatus. The orthodontist mainly deals with the correction of tooth bite – incorrect alignment of the dentition with complete closure of the upper and lower jaw, with the norm of proper contact, when the lower teeth are only slightly covered by the upper.

Orthodontics is recommended at almost any age, adults and children, but experts say that the best period for the correction of occlusion is from 12-14 years, when there is an active change of deciduous teeth. At this point, the teeth are more mobile, so the correction is much faster than in adults.

Adults should also not worry about how to straighten their teeth. Orthodontics in Kyiv clinics, as well as technology, is not standing still, new systems for correcting dentition defects, invisible to others, are periodically developed. Moreover, in orthodontics, the cost of treatment can be easily selected for any financial opportunities (the price is more moderate than in orthopedic treatment in most cases).

Types of malocclusion in children and adults

The dental clinic diagnoses malocclusion on various parameters, the main of which are the relative position of the teeth, the level of development of both jaws and more. If the teeth are closed incorrectly, food is poorly chewed and not processed properly, resulting in possible diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

In this regard, in orthodontics there are the following types of malocclusion:

  • Distal occlusion. It is characterized by an overdeveloped upper jaw or underdeveloped lower jaw, due to which the upper teeth visually protrude and the lower teeth sink in;
  • Mesial occlusion. It is characterized by an overdeveloped and protruding lower jaw, due to which the lower teeth overlap the upper;
  • Open bite. Characterized by the lack of a common border and different magnitude of the distance between most teeth when both jaws are adjacent;
  • Deep bite. Characterized by overlapping of the lower front teeth (incisors) with the upper ones more than half of their height;
  • Cross-bite. Characterized by unilateral underdevelopment of the teeth of the upper or lower jaw.

Causes of occlusion in children

Defects of the dental system are congenital and acquired. According to statistics, they are diagnosed in 50% of children and 30% of adults.

The most common causes of malocclusion in children are:

  • Birth trauma or severe pregnancy due to developing neurological pathologies that lead to improper growth of bone tissue of the child’s jaws;
  • Improper care and feeding, in which the baby due to insufficient active sucking during breastfeeding remains underdeveloped lower jaw (at birth, the upper jaw is usually larger);
  • Disorders of soft tissue formation in the oral cavity;
  • Deficiency of useful nutrients needed in the construction of hard tissues;
  • Improper posture and, as a result, musculoskeletal disorders, which causes the head to move forward, deforming the jaws with occlusal abnormalities;
  • Frequent respiratory illnesses (colds, runny noses) that make you breathe mostly through an open mouth, even at night;
  • Bad habits (prolonged sucking of fingers, nipples, toys) that disrupt the tone of the masticatory muscles;
  • Prolonged breastfeeding;
  • Violation of deadlines or improper eruption of teeth (wisdom teeth, including);
  • Lack of hard food in the diet, which leads to chewing disorders;
  • Loss of teeth or untimely treatment.

The first signs of malocclusion can be detected only by a specialist, so it is very important at the age of 5-6 to visit an orthodontist before changing deciduous teeth, who will perform the necessary diagnostic manipulations and timely correct dental defects.

Causes of malocclusion in adults

Although the bite is formed in childhood, it may change later. The most common causes of malocclusion in adults, experts at our clinic believe:

  • Injuries of the dental apparatus;
  • Loss of teeth due to carious lesions;
  • Bad habits;
  • Bruxism (unintentional brushing of teeth during sleep);
  • Inflammatory processes in teeth and bones;
  • Osteomyelitis;
  • Temporomandibular joint problems, due to insufficient or excessive load on the jaw;
  • Improper growth of wisdom teeth (angular teeth).

All this leads to improper direction of the dental system, frequent injuries to mucous membranes and soft tissues.

Methods of correcting malocclusion with braces

Correction of bite braces today is the most common practice for both children and adults. With the help of a brace system, an orthodontist restores the correct position and orientation of the teeth, corrects their congestion, provides the aesthetics of a smile and more.

The duration of such orthodontics in dentistry depends on the individual parameters of the patient, the complexity of a particular occasion, and takes an average of 12-18 months. During this period, the teeth show imperceptible pressure on the elements of orthodontic construction, which correct their position in the right direction.

Installation of the bracket system involves more careful operation and thorough hygiene: teeth should be brushed more often and very carefully so as not to damage the braces: once every 3 months you need to see a doctor for professional cleaning. In addition, you need to come to the clinic once a month to have the doctor examine the orthodontic system and, if necessary, correct its components.

It is worth noting that braces treatment in children is faster than in adults, thanks to a more mobile dentition, so how to align the front teeth or the entire dentition, at a young age do not have to think and worry. Especially since in Kyiv the prices in orthodontics for treatment are quite moderate.

Treatment of malocclusion with orthodontic appliances

To correct the bite, in addition to treatment with braces Kyiv, in the person of our clinic practices caps, trainers, retainers, orthodontic plates and liners. The choice of a particular type of treatment depends on the goals and the desired result.

In general, orthodontic appliances are special constructions that change the location of individual teeth, restore the shape of rows, and correct some defects in the tongue and other soft tissues. Recommended for patients aged 5 to 12 years, during alternating occlusion, when deciduous teeth change to permanent, and there is an active development of the upper and lower jaws.

Orthodontic treatment is classified according to functional, mechanical and combined effects:

  • Functional stimulates the growth of jaws by eliminating restraining factors, helping to normalize the function of facial muscles;
  • Mechanical provides physical impact in the problem area due to the active elements of the structure, and allows you to adjust the intensity of pressure depending on the goals;
  • Combined (hybrid) is used to normalize the dentition due to the design features of the correction in the frontal areas.

The duration of treatment depends on the patient’s age, physiological characteristics, diagnosis and qualifications of the orthodontist. It takes an average of 6-12 months, is suitable for children and adults, and requires regular preventive examinations once a month to inspect and correct the condition of the design of the device and its impact.

Orthodontic plate treatment

Toothbrushes is an inexpensive and effective way to treat malocclusion in children. They are removable structures with a base of soft plastic and metal elements: hooks, arches, springs and screws. They are made and installed so that the soft base adheres to the palate or gums, and metal clamps securely hold the entire structure in the mouth.

The principle of orthodontic plate treatment is the ability to adjust the pressure on the teeth and jawbone with a screw. They are mainly used in children and adolescents (including deciduous teeth), but are also suitable for adults as an additional way to correct the bite.

They are characterized by low comfort and temporary diction impairment, but are compensated by the efficiency and ability to shoot before meals or during hygiene.

The average period of wearing is 12-18 months, during which you need to regularly visit an orthodontist to prevent treatment.

Treatment with liners (caps)

As an alternative to metal braces in orthodontics, eyeliner treatment is used to correct the bite. They are translucent caps made of plastic or silicone, invisible to the naked eye and similar in color and shade to the patient’s native teeth. Are very aesthetic, do not cause discomfort, are made on individual molds.

The design of the mouthpiece involves constant low pressure on the teeth, causing them to move in the direction opposite to the resorbable bone tissue.

The period of wearing is from 18 to 24 months, during which 1-2 times in 3 months require a preventive examination by a doctor.

Important: set only for adults on permanent teeth.

Ways to correct bites in children

Depending on age and complexity in each case, the alignment of the malocclusion is carried out in the following ways:

  • Myotherapy is a classic method for children under 5 years of age. It is a set of exercises aimed at strengthening the masticatory and temporomandibular muscles;
  • Orthodontic appliances – a set of special structures (plates, trainers, braces system) that affect the teeth with imperceptible pressure;
  • Surgical Correction – Dental intervention when other methods are powerless.

Most often, these methods are used in combination. For example, a child aged 7-9 years is fitted with plates (often enough to correct the bite). Then, at the age of 10-14, orthodontic appliances are installed, after which braces may be recommended after treatment.

In addition, there are cases when the bracket system is installed on the lower jaw, and on the upper orthodontic appliance. Thus, the treatment is carried out in 2 ways.

Ultimately, the effectiveness and duration of treatment depend on the specific case and individual complexity.

Adult Bite Correction Methods

How to straighten an adult’s teeth?

For adults, orthodontists use the same wide range of procedures to correct the bite as children: braces, liners, retainers, plates and more.

Technology has taken such a step forward that the installation of braces for adults is no longer an aesthetic procedure. Today there are braces (sapphire), which are almost impossible to notice on the teeth of their owner due to the absolute similarity in color with the color of native teeth. In addition, latent braces are often used – lingual, which are placed on the inside.

In some cases, combined systems, such as braces and plates, may be used. Sometimes patients do not want to wear artificial dentures on a daily basis, so they are recommended caps or retainers that can be removed periodically.

What can be dangerous bite

Improper occlusion of teeth is equally dangerous for both children and adults: it violates the correct mode of chewing, spoils the aesthetics of a smile, changes diction, and so on. However, at different ages it still differs in the degree of impact on overall health.

For example, children with incorrect occlusion of deciduous teeth have a risk of hypertrophied growth of one of the jaws, which will disrupt aesthetics and create the effect of a “gloomy face”; temporomandibular joint disease may develop, normal growth of permanent teeth will be disrupted. A little later during a variable bite, these pathologies can lead to constant headaches and pain in the neck, ENT diseases.

In old age, after the formation of a permanent bite and later incorrect bite can bring many problems to the loss of both individual and all teeth. Improper chewing of food causes disorders in the gastrointestinal tract, damage to soft and hard tissues in the mouth.

Patients with age defects, malocclusion, low smile aesthetics often experience constant discomfort, which slowly poisons their lives and undermines self-confidence.

How to fix a bite at home

There is no method of treating malocclusion at home. Very often patients mistakenly believe that dentists do not specifically recommend them one or another option for treatment at home.

In fact, the bite can be corrected only after the orthodontist examines the patient’s dental apparatus to choose the most optimal treatment option, during which you still have to periodically undergo prevention and adjustment of treatment systems to the required format.

The conditionally home option includes treatment with caps and retainers. The patient will use them at home, after the doctor removes the molds and the equipment at the factory will make them according to individual parameters. This is an expensive treatment option, but it will still require a visit to the clinic to review and correct the treatment process in a given case once every few months.

Orthodontics at the DC LIPINSKII dental clinic in Vynohradar is a professional solution for the health of your teeth. We are the best orthodontic center in Kyiv.

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